UNIVERSITY (ARCHIVE NOTES)
Bell Museum Of Pathology (University of Minnesota Medical School), Bulletin by Malcolm Moos, President of the University: "It is with great pleasure that I welcome a new publication from the University of Minnesota Medical School. The "Bulletin of the Bell Museum of Pathobiology" is one more example of the continuing efforts of those in higher learning to break out of the brittle forms of past educational molds to more adequately meet today's demands and serve today's needs.
Too often we in the Academy have tended to be narrowly bound within the perimeters of our own particular discipline. In addressing itself to today's social problems, however, one of the major adjustments of our great universities will require them to work from problems and issues rather than disciplines, which universities have, heretofore, been reluctant to do. Here we must shake some people loose from the sheltered environments and get them into the scrap.
The object of the "Bulletin" is health care delivery, and its attack is interdisciplinary. This I applaud for I believe the manner in which people work on the dense thicket of social crises will be the key to tomorrow. The University can help only by cutting across from discipline to discipline, as well as within disciplines. In short, what we require are activist academics who can start sometimes with only the vaguest concept of the problem, but are always alert to the cross-overs and intersections and ever able to turn into them quickly and easily…The "Bulletin" published through the offices of a most distinguished triumvirate, Drs Stacey B. Day, Robert Good, and Owen Wangensteen, will serve as one of the links joining the Medical School with faculty in a variety of other disciplines". (Vol 1. No 1. Spring 1972).
Concept Of A Museum Without Walls (Stacey B. Day), Bell Museum of Pathology, 1972. "A high degree of concentration of economic and political power and a high degree of organization including government can of course provide much for scholarship. But innovative and ongoing systems of education must rely on the vision of men in step with the human individuals of the time, in harmony with the instinctive energy of the mind of the times, and perceptive enough to see how to use the available material and intellectual resources of the day for the individual and for the collective needs in a society and in a student body……………We are devoted to the concept of multidisciplinary relationships in medical teaching…….(and) to the experimental and theoretical search for a formula to establish (programs) in which broadly based biological issues are brought into harmony with the social and humanitarian disciplines - emphasizing that the pathobiology of disease is related to the whole man and not alone to altered states of physiology".
From VARIETY column by Gordon Sovut, Minneapolis Star, February 21, 1972: "Maybe today's generation is different than yesterday's. On three consecutive Fridays, Health Science students and faculty at the University of Minnesota were offered panel discussions on death - sponsored by the Bell Museum of Pathology of the Medical School's Pathology department in cooperation with the Medical Student Council. Last Friday noon Dr Richard Chilgren, director of the medical school's new program in sexuality, spoke in the same auditorium about sex. Care to guess which subject drew more crowds? The crowd overflowed from the auditorium into the corridors at each of the death panels. Estimates were that something like 700 or 800 persons tried to hear the discussions (each panel). The sex crowd was much smaller, perhaps 400 or so".
The First E. T. Bell Memorial Lecture And Dinner was held on June 6th, 1972 in the Star of the North Hall, Radisson Hotel, in conjunction with the postgraduate education course on Membranes, Viruses and Immune Mechanisms in Experimental and Clinical Diseases held by the museum. The first Bell Memorial Lecture was delivered by Professor Lewis Thomas, Chairman, Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine. Mrs E.T. Bell, widow of the late Elexious Thompson Bell, MD presented medals to Dr Thomas, to Professor Cecil Watson, Regent's Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, to Professor Robert A. Good, Chairman of the Department of Pathology, and to Dr Stacey B. Day, Head, Bell Museum of Pathology, University of Minnesota Medical School.
Second Elexious Thompson Bell Memorial Lecture And Dinner was held on June 5th, 1973 in The Gold Room, Radisson Hotel, Minneapolis. The Distinguished Guest Lecturer was Professor Hans Selye, Director of the Institute of Experimental Medicine and Surgery in the University of Montreal. The Bell Lecture was established by the Bell Museum of Pathology, Stacey B. Day, Head, to commemorate the life of Elexious (Tommy) Bell. Dr Bell was born in Hatch, Missouri, August 30, 1880. He attended the University of Missouri and subsequently graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1901, and Doctor of Medicine in 1903. Following his medical training he held positions in anatomy in his home university. He studied abroad for a brief period before going to the University of Minnesota as Assistant Professor of Anatomy in 1910-1911. In 1911 he was made Assistant Professor of Pathology. He enjoyed his teaching and research. Bell was Associate Professor of Pathology from 1916 to 1920, and in 1920 he was named Professor and Chairman of the Department of Pathology in the University of Minnesota. This position he held until his retirement from the university in 1949. Bell is perhaps best known for his Textbook of Pathology that at the time of his retirement was in its 8th edition. A presentation of Bell Memorial Medals for distinguished contributions to the University of Minnesota was made to Professor A.B. Baker, Regent's Professor and Director of the Department of Neurology, Professor Maurice B. Visscher, Regents Professor and retired Chairman of the Department of Physiology, and to Professor Owen H. Wangensteen, Regents Professor and former Chairman of the Department of Surgery in the University of Minnesota Medical School. The Second Bell Gold Medal was presented to Professor Selye after his lecture entitled Homeostasis And Heterostasis.
ALASKA '72: "The Bell Museum of Pathology flag was raised over the tundra at Meade River, Alaska, by students on a study mission under Dr Stacey Day in July, 1972. Photograph shows Dr Stacey B. Day with Waldo Bodfish, son by an Eskimo wife, of the celebrated whaling hunter Captain Hartford Bodfish. Descendants of Captain Bodfish may be seen today as "blue-eyed Eskimos" at Wainwright, Alaska".
Twin City Society Of Pathologists (by William A. Foley, MD. Secretary of the Society): "During the past year, the membership of the society has grown to 74 members whose locale extends as far as St Cloud, Minnesota. The Society has found time to sponsor an Essay award under the direction of the Bell Museum of Pathology and has provided the funds for making available a handsome medallion bearing the likeness of Dr E.T. Bell." A paper Recollections of E.T. Bell was presented by Dr Reuben Berman, Editor, Minnesota Medicine, in the Bulletin, Vol.3. Winter 1973. Dr Berman was a member of the University of Minnesota Class graduating MD in 1932.
Sloan-Kettering Institute For Cancer Research, Annual Report 1973 (Library of Congress Catalog Card Number-L.C. 74-82707.) ISBN: O-88485-000-5). Coordinator, Communication Of Scientific Information, Stacey B. Day, MD, PhD, DSc. "The laboratory of Biomedical Communications and Medical Education concerns itself with the development, research, implementation and evaluation of education and communication processes in the biosciences as well as with the broader conceptual and pragmatic understanding of science related technology in general, and in particular as these disciplines may relate to cancer research and the well being of society. Three component factors, Communication, Media, and Education, serve as the foundation for the work of the laboratory.
GOALS OF THE DEPARTMENT:
Contributory Research Publications from the Laboratory:
Series Editor (Robert A. Good and Stacey B. Day, Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research). COMPREHENSIVE IMMUNOLOGY. 9 Volumes. Individual volumes in the treatise developed far reaching perspectives in new areas as Immunology and Aging; Immunology of Infectious Diseases; a pioneering volume by Federico Spreafico of the Mario Negri Institute, Milan, and colleagues on Immunopharmacology as well as volumes on the Immunopathology of Neoplasms and Cancer Disease.
The American Biomedical Network: Health Care Systems in America, Present and Future. Edited by Stacey B. Day et al. Scripta Medica and Technica, 1977. Papers presented by the "Faculty of One Hundred", assembled by Professor Day to meet at Aspen, Colorado, in 1976.
Cancer Invasion and Metastasis: Biologic Mechanisms and Therapy (Progress in Cancer Research and Therapy. Volume 5). Stacey B. Day et al. Raven Press, N.Y., 1977.
Cancer, Stress, and Death - Stacey B. Day with Hans Selye and Jean Tache. Plenum Medical Books, New York, 1979. Papers from a Congress convened in Montreal in 1977. The book was so much in demand that a Second Edition was prepared in 1986.
Health Communications author Stacey B. Day: International Foundation, N.Y.,1978.
Computers For Medical Office and Patient Management: Stacey B. Day and Jan F. Brandejs, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1982.
Readings in Oncology, Stacey B. Day et al. International Foundation, New York, 1980.
Easter Island, South Pacific, 1974. "Protocol proposal for a Leprosy Profile of Easter Island. Research Director, Stacey B. Day, MD., PhD., DSc, Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research , New York. By virtue of its isolation Easter Island affords a virgin Experiment of Nature. Shortly, (my report to Director PAHO/WHO), the island will be open to tourists. New immunologic parameters will be introduced, intermarriage may take place, biologic uniqueness of the population will change. NOW is the time to undertake a comprehensive immunologic profile of the islanders. Since I have found 52 patients at present on the island with Leprosy this is the focus of the study. Easter Island is separated by nearly 2000 miles from the nearest land - Chile - and Leprosy does not exist on that mainland. Why then do we find it on Easter Island? How did the disease "get there"? What vectors maintain the disease? What is the Immunologic Profile of the Islanders? Is this profile different from Chilenos? Or other South Sea Islanders? These and similar questions need exploration. Controlled investigative program must investigate Cell Mediated Immunity; Evaluation of Humoral Immunity (IgG, IgA, Igm), B-lymphocytes in peripheral blood quantification; HL-A typing for family members and mixed lymphocyte culture (unilateral and bilateral) reaction test. Approval given by Minister of Health, Chile (Santiago), and by Pan-American WHO Section, Washington, D.C. (PAHO) for study and mutual co-operation. Memorandum sent to Robert A. Good, President, SKI, for action, August, 1974".
Hope Waddell Training Institution, Calabar, presenting the Sama Foundation Lectures by Professor Stacey B. Day, Professor and Head of Community Health and Professor of Biopsychosocial Medicine, University of Calabar. Monday October 25th, 1982 and Monday November 1, 1982: The Way Of A Physician - "The Biologos, Biopsychosocial Way, Survival And the Parasympathetic Towards an Ethic and a Way of Life". Published in the Sunday Chronicle, Calabar, Nigeria, October 31st, 1982, No 416: pp 8-9.
University Of Calabar, Public Lecture in Honour of World Health Day 1983, New Arts Theatre (Unical), on Thursday 7th April, 1983 at 7.00 p.m. Man In Search Of Health by Professor Stacey B. Day.
"University Of Calabar proudly announces The Laying Of Foundation Stone Of The First Rural Self-Help Primary Health Care Project In Cross River State at IKOT OKU IKONO, UYO L.G.A. at 10 a.m. Saturday April 9th., 1983. Sponsored by the University of Calabar College of Medicine and the State Ministry of Health. Guests: Hon. Commissioner of Health, Dr J.R. Anah; Provost College of Medicine, Professor Ed. B. Attah; Deputy Clan Head, Ikono, Okuku T.A. Okon; Village Head, Ikot Oku Okono, Chief Etim O. Etukho; Hon. C. Ekiko, Member C.R.H.A; Chairman Uyo L.G.A. Mike Ibanga. The Speaker will be Professor Stacey B. Day, Head, Department of Community Health, University of Calabar".
An Address Presented By The Ntufam, Chiefs, And The People Of Oban Town, Oban District, Cross River State Of Nigeria To Professor Stacey B. Day, Professor Of Community Health, University Of Calabar, On His Initiation Into The Mgbe Society And Conferment Of Chieftaincy Title Of Ntufam Ajan Of Oban On Saturday, 28th May, 1983, At Oban Town.
"OUR DEAR SON, Your initiation into our ancient and revered Mgbe (Ekpe) Society and the conferment of the Chieftaincy title of Ntufam Ajan of Oban is a unique and historical event in the history of Oban Town. You are the very first European and the second non-indigene of Oban to be initiated into the Mgbe Society of Oban. But you fully deserve this great honour, because of your great love for, and your outstanding services to Oban in the field of Community Health and Development. It is to your eternal credit that the Health Centre, which was built many years ago, and has been lying idle, has been opened and is functioning. Oban is an ancient town, and was the headquarters of the then Oban District established in 1907. The Resident District Officer was the erudite Cambridge University anthropologist Dr P. Amaury Talbot. The old Oban District covered the whole of the Ejagham speaking area of Nigeria, including Ikom. Space does not allow us to go into more details, but more information may be obtained in Talbot's work "In The Shadow Of The Bush", published in 1912, by the William Heinemann Press of London. To show the importance of both the initiation into the Mgbe Society and the Chieftancy title, it is relevant to point out that, by Oban Constitution, no one man can be the Iyamba or Head of the Mgbe Society and the Ntufam of Oban at the same time. So in Mgbe ceremonies the Ntufam is under the Iyamba, and on all civic occasions the Iyamba comes under the Ntufam. Today you are recognized by both.
We will now briefly explain to you the meaning and privileges of your Chieftaincy title. Ntufam means King, while Ajam means Medicine. So you are the King of all the Medical Doctors that have been and will ever be associated with Oban.
The privileges attached to your Chieftaincy are that you are entitled to a seat in the Ntufam's cabinet. You are also entitled to a free piece of land, as a son of Oban, for residential purposes. The ancient Mgbe Society spans virtually the whole of Cross River State and formed the Government before the advent of British Colonial Rule. There are seven principal grades: Dibu or madibu; Okpogbo; Nkanda; Asian; Mbawkaw; Ebungu; and Makara. Each grade has secrets peculiar to it. Membership is very expensive, and it is not uncommon for people to join step by step. But today you have been initiated into all.
The lion cloth you wear shows that you are a member and you are entitled to wear it anywhere you go and everyone will recognize you as a member of the Mgbe Society. The feather you wear belongs exclusively to the Nkanda Grade. You are entitled to wear it on all ceremonial occasions to show that you are a member of the Nkanda Grade.
When the Mgbe Bell is rung, it is a warning to all non-members, men and women that they should stay indoors. The sounding of the Talking-Drum informs them that they are free to come out. But as a member you are fully entitled to walk anywhere when the Bell is sounded.
We thank you most heartily for your outstanding services to Oban, and wish you to make more frequent visits to Oban during your stay in Nigeria. Finally, we commend you and your family to the care and protection of Almighty God.\Your Fellow Citizens: Ntufam Benedict Ekpe Nyane, The Ntufam of Oban Town; Chief Etim Itakwi Awor, The Iyamba of Oban Town. For and On Behalf of the Entire Oban People".
Address Of Professor Stacey B. Day As Ntufam Ajan Oban, Oban Town, May 28th, 1983.
"Ntufam Oban, Atui, Anakwi na Ane Ejagham East; Ntui Ufot, Registrar of the University of Calabar; Ntui Ajan Charles Effiong na apartem atem abe, na atem abon nju ossiem University Ariak, na…... May nka emenge, njungear eah jit ngee echingee, bere ofumbi eye metikngimi ka ekam egena, ana abira na nfam eyama, Ka otchim biji na okot. Offon wun epartem ejik okaray wun ngam. Na okot mbi ofone wun ano obachem name ayay. Masy nfon okua mbingi, etabm ntugi ejik ngi, tikeyeem woot effi etum ngi obo okwi. Se ne asumi mbi na ofon mfam nga Oban na agui ma. Se ne afon ejing are nenyo ajena Ka ntubi mfam eye.
Ntufam Oban, atui, anakwi na anemfam Ejagham East, me nkup wun pe egee egee njak, tek ntugantu eyema ajoy na wun na agui amana Ka Oban, Same". (References Nigerian Chronicle, No 2789, Calabar, June 1st, 1984; and Nigerian Chronicle, No2791, June 3, 1983).
University Of Calabar Members Of University Senate 1983/84 Session: Professor A.N. Mohammed, Vice-Chancellor. Chief, Professor Stacey B. Day, Head, Department of Community and Biopsychosocial Health.
Primary Health Care Guide Lines - A Manual For Medical Students On Station At The Akampkpa Comprehensive Health Care Centre, Akampka, Cross River State, Nigeria. This guideline included notes covering immunization, health education, Mother and Child Health, and an appendix with simple instructions for preparation of supplementary food. In the "curative" teaching were included sections on malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhoea, and eye infections. The text was not meant to be a text-book but a guide for assisting students treating simple people, in village settings, in tropical West Africa. Every topic was dealt with in elementary style. Where therapy was recommended it was the least costly and least elaborate treatment that was recommended. The list of drugs, while few, were those that students should come to know when working in the African bush and remote village locations. Each medical student was urged to encourage the villages in the principles of environmental hygiene (health promotion, health education, and sanitation), and to motivate the community to participate actively in health campaigns directed to immunization and refuse disposal.
Leprosy and Tuberculosis Control - An Address Presented at Eja Memorial Hospital, Itigidi, Cross River State, Nigeria. Sunday Chronicle, Calabar, December 19, 1982. (To establish "Half-Way Houses" on the way to lepers rejoining the community and to avoid isolation and public shunning).
ARCHIVE - W.H.O. NOTES
Development Of World Health Organization Collaborating Center At Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee.
As part of his program to create "Centers of Excellence", Dr David Satcher, in 1985 invited me to Meharry Medical College to undertake the expansion of the International Center for Health Sciences towards approval and acceptance by the W.H.O. as a partner of that organization in providing programs of health care, education, and research. In light of its special concern for the health of minorities and the disadvantaged, and as a member of the historical Black Colleges and Universities, it was a signal milestone in American Medical Education when on Tuesday, February 3, 1987, the Meharry International Health Sciences Center was designated as a Collaborating Center of the W.H.O. My years 1982-1990 were devoted to minority medical education, first in Calabar, tropical West Africa, (a region once designated "the white man's grave") and then at Nashville, Tennessee. The importance and background of this work, undertaken in collaboration with Dr Carlyle Guerra De Macedo, Director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), and Dr Thomas A. Lambo, Deputy Director General, W.H.O. Geneva are summarized in the following two documents.
Congressional Record, Vol. 133, Washington, Wednesday, January 7, 1987. Proceedings And Debates Of The 100th Congress, First Session. Meharry Medical College Designated As A World Health Organization Collaborating Center. Hon. William Hill Boner of Tennessee. In the House of Representatives. Tuesday, January 6, 1987
MR. BONER of Tennessee. "Mr. Speaker, I would like to take this opportunity to share news with my colleagues of a great honor bestowed upon three historically black colleges in the Fifth District of Tennessee, which I have the privilege to represent.
Last November 14, Meharry Medical College received word from the World Health Organization that its International Center for Health Sciences will be designated as a W.H.O. Collaborating Center in Health Manpower Development.
This is the first time in the United States that a black educational institution has earned this international distinction. Two other Nashville institutions of higher education, Fisk University and Tennessee State University are also being recognized for their association in this effort with Meharry.
The World Health Organization is a division of the United Nations Organization devoted to the health of people throughout the world. Its mission emphasizes the sharing of health efforts among nations, and a principal goal calls for adequate health care for all by the year 2000.
With designation as a Collaborating Center by the World Health Organization, Meharry's International Center for the Health Sciences will focus its attention on global health issues at the community level. Health professionals working with the Center will strive to provide high-quality care and improve the skills of health professionals in a cost-effective community health system. The Center will also provide a Clearing House for the collection and distribution of information world wide regarding community health care.
I would like to express my appreciation to Prof. Dr Thomas A. Lambo, Deputy Director General, World Health Organization, Geneva, and to Dr Carlyle Guerra De Macedo, Director of the Panamerican Health Organization and WHO Regional Director for the Americas. I would also like to congratulate Meharry President Dr David Satcher, and Dr Huey Mays, vice president for health services at Meharry for their continued encouragement and support of the International Center, and Prof. Dr Stacey B. Day, who through his work and leadership as director of the center, has played a major role in gaining this distinction. Their efforts are to be commended for their importance to our community, this Nation and the world".
The White House, Washington. January 2, 1987
"I cannot tell you how pleased I was to learn that Meharry Medical College has been designated as a World Health Organization Center.
This honor speaks for itself, and it ranks Meharry among our nations's most prestigious medical institutions. To gain the designation, the College, its staff, programs, and students had to undergo close and rigorous scrutiny by the W.H.O. Administration. Meharry met these standards of excellence because of its high achievements as a medical institution, and, specifically, because of the outstanding work done through its International Center for Health Sciences.
The vision of Dr Stacey Day, and his fine team at the Center, builds on a community approach to medicine which is truly international in scope. The effort to bring outstanding medical care to other nations and to help them implement effective health service programs for their peoples is vitally important. It blends deep human caring with the most up-to-date medical techniques, while acknowledging the social differences among nations and the needs for medical services which enhance the lives of all and recognize their innate worth as human beings. This is Meharry's - and the International Center's - formula for success.
All Americans are proud of you, and I know Meharry will live up to the trust and honor bestowed upon it by the World Health Organization".
Proclamation By Mayor Of Nashville
In February 1987, the Mayor of Nashville, Richard Fulton designated the week of February 1st, 1987 as World Health Organization-Meharry Week. An official proclamation was signed by the Mayor on the third day of February, 1987, and a civic tower in the downtown area of the city of Nashville was illuminated for seven nights to celebrate the occasion.
ARCHIVES - STEPPING DOWN AS HEAD OF W.H.O./I.C.H.S. (Meharry NEWS AND RESEARCH UPDATE, 1988 )
On appointment as Fulbright Professor to Charles University, Prague, 1998-1999, Dr Stacey Day stepped down as Head of WHO/ICHS at the end of 1988, remaining Consultant and Professor to Meharry through 2000. The editor of the Update received among others testimonials, letters from Dr Nyle C. Brady, Senior Administrator for Science and Technology, Agency for International Development (US/AID), Washington, and from Professor T.A. Lambo, Deputy Director General, W.H.O. Headquarters, Geneva.
Dr Brady's letter said"
"I was not aware of the fact that you were approaching retirement from your position as head of the International Center for Health Sciences. You should be congratulated for your leadership of this Center and for the contributions you've made to health sciences generally. Please accept our congratulations for your past efforts and our best wishes for the future"
Professor T.A. Lambo wrote:
"It is extremely difficult for me to write about this man who can only be described as a near genius…..his writings have awakened the highest awareness and sensibility in any scholar of Sciences and Medicine…….he single handedly created your W.H.O. Collaborating Center at Meharry Medical College, brought recognition and honour for the first time, to an outstanding black Medical School".
The editor (Dr C.R. Nair) recalled in his closing words:
"In a book that we read, the Aspen Conferences 1976, one paper presented by the late Dr Malcolm Moos, formerly President of the University of Minnesota, likens Professor Day to "an airplane that is always in the sky….his engine is always running….he never (seems) to come down to earth".
We have a feeling that wherever Professor visits or whatever new activities he undertakes, still his "engine will be running".
RESEARCH STUDIES OF PROFESSOR DAY AT WHO/ICHS, NASHVILLE
Control and Prevention of River Blindness by Vitamin A and Invermectin in West Africa.
Vitamin A and Child Survival ( in association with the Univ. of Calabar) Nigeria.
Field Studies on Onchocerciasis and Vitamin A in Eastern Nigeria - A Collaborative Program with the University of Calabar (Professor E.I. Gemade).
Agrohealth and Agromedicine - Roles of Integrated Aspects in Missions of Health For All by the year 2000